The Ocean County Compendium of  History
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The History of Pornography in Ocean County, Part II
by Steven J. Baeli
                                              May 30, 2010                                             

                                              Adult Book Stores in the 1990s

South Toms River

The first battle against the sale of adult-oriented material in the 1990s was waged in South Toms River, and as has been the case thus far, the move towards stopping Shay Varone’s Peek-A-View Adult Boutique involved the usual code violations and protest groups.  The location of the video store was not at issue because it sat solidly in a commercial property zone on Route 166 along the Toms River, where there are no schools, churches, bus stops, or residential neighborhoods.  Yet the Borough refused Varone a permanent mercantile license because code enforcement officer, Ernest Hemmann had a “problem…with the…eight viewing booths located at the rear of the building.”[1]  The Borough of South Toms River adopted an anti-pornography ordinance by 1992, which “prohibit[ed] the sale, publication or distribution of lewd, immoral or obscene material,”[2] and based on Hemmann’s objections, and the nature of the goods sold in Varone’s store, the Borough revoked his temporary thirty day operating license.

Standing behind the decision were several groups who pointed out that within the same strip mall was a liquor store and a dancing school, both of which they considered to be a volatile mix when coupled with an adult bookstore.  Karen O’Neill, a particularly vocal protester, threw out several somewhat confusing statistics in an attempt to persuade the Borough to move against the store.  O’Neill first said that “hundreds of girls”[3] attended the Dance Centre school, a questionable number considering the small size of the studio, but then went on to say that “eighty-seven percent of all men who molest boys are imitating something they observed in a porno film,”[4] making her point about girls in the dancing school moot.  She went on to say that “seventy percent of all pornographic material ends up in the hands of children.”[5]

O’Neill did not state from where she got her data, but it appeared that she was inflating her facts in an effort to make her case.  It was later reported that O’Neill was a member of the American Families Association, a Christian-based non-profit group that rose to prominence during the Reagan years about the same time as Moral Majority that promoted the “biblical decency in American society…through a number of activism efforts, including boycotts, buycotts,…publications on the AFA’s web sites,…broadcasts on American Family Radio, and lobbying.”[6]  The AFA tackled many of what it perceived to be problems with American culture and society, including pornography and what its website called the “gay agenda,”[7] which it defined, in part, as “supporters in the secular media…openly promoting homosexual behavior as morally equivalent to a heterosexual relationship.”[8]  The AFA also objected to being lumped in with “Nazis and Klansman,” simply because they “dare[d] to publically oppose homosexuality…with reason, humility and mercy.”[9]

            As is the case with many such groups like the AFA, specifically the Boy Scouts of America,[10] homosexuality is often confused with child molesting, an atrocious act that has been said to have a direct link to pornography, but to what extent has been the subject of some dispute.[11]  In looking at O’Neill’s jump from girl students in the dancing school to men who molest boys, it is easy see where she would attempt to draw a line between the two in order to make her case.  In taking into account her affiliation with the AFA and that organization’s disdain for homosexuals, one might understand where she got her figures and why she tried to move the issue in that direction.  It should be noted here that while adult bookstores do have an element of homosexual clientele attracted by the private video viewing booths and the potential for random sex,[12] the Peek-A-View Adult Boutique did not engage in the child pornography business.  It should also be pointed out that studies have shown that heterosexual pedophiles outnumber homosexual pedophiles eleven-to-one,[13] a fact that groups like the AFA ignores in favor promoting their own anti-homosexual agenda.

            After denying Varone a mercantile license, the borough took the next step in shutting down the Peek-A-View by sending the borough clerk into the store armed with police protection to serve Varone a cease and desist order, but the store clerk would not take the papers, which allowed the store to remain in operation.[14]  Varone, having promised to fight the borough on First Amendment grounds, wisely stayed away from the store so that he could not be legally served.  He later argued that the booths, which were the main point of contention for the borough, were only a small part of his business, and that he had been up front about the nature of what he would be selling from the outset.[15]

In response, Karen O’Neill partnered with dance school owner, Rich Doscher, and had a large billboard installed near the Peek-A-View store that depicted five men, astronaut, Jim Irwin, football player, Charles Mann, airline pilot, John Testrake, a doctor named Warren Jackson, and an unknown man named Ed Provident, standing below the phrase, “Real Men Don’t Use Porn.”[16]  The purpose of the billboard, of course, was to drive business away from the video store, but the message that is sent was that the protesters would take an action necessary to further their goal.  Varone complained that outside forces were involved in the fight, which was certainly true of O’Neill, who was not a resident of South Toms River, she hailing from Beachwood one town over.[17]  In the meantime, surrounding towns in the area began drafting anti-pornography ordinances of their own in an attempt to keep such businesses from spreading their way, an issue that would become a problem in Berkeley Township shortly after the Peek-A-View fight.

In the end Shay Varone won, and his store is still in business today at the same location.  There was some minor commotion over the years, but for the most part, the Pee-A-View Adult Boutique seems to be living in harmony with the dance school and the liquor store.  The only other major problem came in 1998, when a woman named Andrea Hogan was accused of grabbing $140 in cash from the clerks as they were counting out the till.[18]  Hogan was indicted for that offense the following year,[19] although it is not known what the outcome of that case was.

 Berkeley Township

            The second big fight against adult-oriented businesses took place in Bayville, when the Frabo Corporation, owned by Frank Clementi and Robert Sauve, attempted to open an adult video store in 1992 in an abandoned Krauszer’s convenience store on the corner of Route 9 and Scott Road.  A protest was immediately assembled against it, even though there was little more than rumor that it would be an adult establishment.  An angry crowd of people that included some teenagers, picketed the site with signs that read, “Keep our town clean,”
“No porn in Bayville,” and, “This is a school bus stop!”[20]  The protesters had also collected over 3000 signatures against the proposed store, delivering them to then-mayor, Bill Zimmerman’s.[21]

            The Berkeley Township Council had at its previous meeting held a hearing on a new ordinance that would ban adult-oriented businesses within 1000 feet of a school or bus stop, church, park, playground, residential growth areas, or other sexually oriented businesses.[22]  Such an ordinance basically excluded such a business from opening anywhere in the town as there is always a school bus stop or a residential area nearby.  Mayor Zimmerman claimed that the ordinance was created before the Frabo Corporation had applied for any permits to open a business in Berkeley Township, and that it was not designed to specifically keep them out, but Clementi and Suave did not believe that to be true, and sued the township, the mayor, township construction official, Herbert Golom, and township code officer, George Schick.[23]

            The suit contended that the township had adopted the ordinance five days after issuing permits for the adult video store business, which, when made law would effectively prohibit Frabo from opening their store because it would nullify the permits.  Acting on the pending ordinance, the township pulled the plug on any further construction by issuing a stop-work order.  During a hearing on the matter before Superior Court Judge, Eugene Serpentelli, attorney for the plaintiffs, Richard P. Visotcky, argued that the township did so without proper validation in order to delay construction until the ordinance was made law.[24]  The township countered, claiming that work was halted because it was determined that Frabro would also need a zoning permit to continue construction because the building had not been used in more than a year, but Visotcky countered that argument claiming that there had been a business operating out of the building until July of the previous year.[25]

            Clemente had been in this same type of fight before, he owning Fantasy World Adult Book Store in Manahawkin, so he was not surprised at the tactics that the township employed.  Mayor Zimmerman, of course, maintained that there was no attempt to single Frabro out.  It just so happened that the ordinance, which he said was based on recent protests over the Peek-A-View Adult Boutique in South Toms River, came about the time that Frabo decided to open a business in Berkeley Township,[26] and besides, he had the backing of the local residents who were adamantly opposed to such a business opening in their neighborhood.  The residents argued that the location not only bordered a residential area, but that it was near a school and across from St. Barnabas Roman Catholic Church.[27]

            Despite Zimmerman’s claims of innocent synchronicity, it was hard for anyone to believe that the ordinance was randomly born at the exact same moment that Frabo had decided to open a business in Berkeley Township.  The resident’s claims were a tad overblown as well when one considers that Bayville Elementary School is located about 1800 feet from the store’s location, and that St. Barnabas Church, located over 1600 feet away in a residential area, is nowhere near the store either.[28]  As for a bus stop, such locations for student pickup could be literally anywhere, leaving no place for an adult-oriented business to open.  The same tact was used years later when many Ocean County towns adopted ordinances banning registered sex offenders from living near a park, school, bus stop, or anywhere children gather.[29]    The only real defense that the protestors had was that there was a residential neighborhood adjoining the proposed site, which would have been enough according to the tenets of the ordinance.  One might argue, however, that variances for commercial properties are often favored over the objections of those living in abutting residential areas because commercial zones tend to have deep setbacks along highways to accommodate them.

            During the proceeding, Judge Serpentelli said that township officials “were being as obstructive as [Frabro was],”[30] in their actions, and went on to ask some rather pointed questions.  Among them, he wanted to know if the ordinance would ban the sale of X-rated videos in all video stores considering that, “60 percent of sales from video stores are X-rated.”[31]  Township attorney Patrick Sheehan replied, saying that no, only those stores whose “principal business was X-rated,”[32] would fall under the ordinance.  Serpentelli also questioned the abandonment issue, stating that the township’s take on that contradicted Case Law.[33]  In the end, the judge did not lift the work-stop order, citing the need for more data concerning what information was given on both sides when the permits were issued to Frabro.

            Two days after the hearing, Mayor Zimmerman signed the contested ordinance into law, once again defending its timing by claiming that the township did not know anything about the nature of Frabo’s business until it was announced at the hearing, completely ignoring the judge’s assessment of that particular fact.[34]  Residents attending the meeting supported the ordinance, but as was the case so many times before, thought that it was quite alright to override the First Amendment rights of store owners in favor of their own personal feelings on the matter.  One person suggested that photographs of those who patronize the store be published so that the police could monitor the “men who frequent” it.[35]  Another lightheartedly said that the township should put fire hydrants around the building to make parking impossible for potential customers, prompting the mayor to ask, “You mean after the fire?”[36]  Although Zimmerman was obviously joking about that remark, it did show the contempt that he had for adult-oriented businesses, making further the case that the township did know the origin of the store before the ordinance was considered.

            In June, Judge Serpentelli ruled on the side of Berkeley Township in the zoning matter, stating that Frabo must “exhaust their administrative remedies,”[37] before petitioning the court again.  Ironically, Serpentelli said that the township denied permits to Frabo for four reasons, one of which included the recently passed ordinance, even though it was passed after the fact.  He also said that the township denied Frabo’s “original permit application,”[38] which was not the case because the township had issued permits before issuing a stop-work order.

Frabo Inc. was not about to give up, however, and filed a new lawsuit against Berkeley Township, claiming that the ordinance was un-Constitutional, and also sought the refunding of legal fees in addition to compensatory damages.  Among other things, Frabo cited violations of the First Amendment, saying that their free speech was breeched, and the Fourteenth Amendment, which guarantees that life, liberty and property will not be denied without due process of the law.[39]

            Frabo did attempt to exhaust their administrative options by petitioning the zoning board to overrule zoning officer, George Schick’s refusal to issue permits without proper variances.  Schick had said that the property in question required fifteen parking places for a business to run there, but only had fourteen.  He also cited setback issues as well as the need for a site plan before Frabo could move forward.[40]  Township attorney, Howard, Butenski, added that the board could apply what was known as the “time of decision rule,” which basically said that an ordinance could be applied to a particular property after the fact.  George VanSandt, a planning consultant speaking for Frabo, argued that variances were not needed in this case, because the zoning rules pertaining to the property had not changed since 1972 when the convenience store was first opened.[41]  The zoning board, of course, ruled against Frabo, and told them to follow the proper guidelines for the variances that they needed.

            More protests ensued, bringing out the “Rosary Society of the St. Barnabas Roman Catholic Church,” which started what they called the, “White Ribbon Project,” in which parishioners would display a white ribbon in defiance of the adult bookstore.[42]  Mayor Zimmerman also continued the fight on the political side of things by reaching out to other mayors in the county for support,[43] which soon came as Barnegat, Beachwood, Brick, Pine Beach, and South Toms River followed suit with ordinances of their own.[44]

By the end of the year, however, the lawsuit against Berkeley Township was settled, the township agreeing to pay for Frabo’s expenses incurred through construction costs and legal fees in return for a retraction of their plans to open a store in Bayville.  The details of the settlement were not disclosed, although most of it was covered under the township’s insurance.[45]  Although not ideal for Frabo Inc., the settlement was seen as a win for the township, even though the question of the legality of the ordinance was left open.  That, of course, opened the door for companies with similar designs to move into the area, which is exactly what happened when a video rental store called the Video Showplace added adult movies to its video selection.  Ironically, the ordinance did not cover general video rental stores like the Video Showplace because adult-oriented movies were not the primary source of its business, and as such it was allowed to operate on the property immediately adjoining the Bayville Elementary School.  Although there was nothing legally to be done about it, misinformed local residents boycotted the business causing it to close its doors in 1997.[46]

Brick Township

            The year 1992 was a busy one for Shay Varone who, in the midst of his battle with the Borough of South Toms River, opened another adult-oriented video store in Brick Township on Chambers Bridge Road called the Pleasure Zone.  Varone had signed a lease for a store front owned by James Parker under his company called Par Property Investment, Inc. in June of that year, and had properly filed a site plan in August.[47]  Meanwhile, Brick Township was in the process of adopting an anti-pornography ordinance that would ban adult-oriented business like the Pleasure Zone from operating within 1500 feet of churches, schools, parks, and residential areas, but the law did not go into effect until September 16th,[48] a full month after Varone applied for a mercantile license.

            On January 13, 1993, the township went after the building owner and the store proprietor by citing them both with violating the now-five month old anti-porn ordinance.[49]  The video boutique, which was situated between a gun shop and a tattoo parlor, apparently violated the ordinance because there were apartments located above the gun store only twenty-four feet away.[50]  Citing the property owner was an obvious attempt to make Parker put pressure on Varone to move out or evict him, which would have saved the town the trouble of a costly lawsuit that they would have in all likelihood lost.  Parker and Varone, however, had entered into the lease based on what the law was at the time, and had done so because the zoning officer had told Varone that his store would not be affected by the ordinance because it was signed into law after the fact.[51]

            Verone, of course, sued Brick Township citing the usual violations of the First and Fourteenth Amendments, but Judge William Huber put off ruling on it until the summons was answered in court,[52] during which time Varone pleaded guilty, but “reserve[ed] the right to question the validity of [the] ordinance in Superior Court,”[53] in order to move forward with the lawsuit he had pending against the township.  Huber did eventually rule, and did so in favor of Varone, declaring the township’s anti-pornography ordinance “unenforceable,” because it fell under the area of the First Amendment right to free speech, which no ordinance can be “drawn to eliminate.”[54]  Varone now the victor, pointed out the irony of his store being located between a tattoo parlor and a gun shop, and the township’s attempt to shut him down, saying that “If [he] had a choice of [his] kid coming home with a tattoo, gun or a condom, [he] would pick the condom any day.”[55] 

            About a year later, Brick Township looked into the idea of buying the Parkwood Plaza, where it would house its kindergarten and first grade students as a means of freeing up much needed space in its elementary schools.[56]  The problem with the plan, however, was that the building, once the home of a defunct roller rink, just happened to be on Chambers Bridge Road directly across from the Pleasure Zone.  The new school, dubbed the “Primary Learning Center,” opened on September 5, 1996 just in time for the start of the new school year.[57]  This, of course, created a conundrum for the township, because it now had to find a way to close the Pleasure Zone without violating the ex-post facto clause of the U.S. Constitution, which disallows the government from enforcing a law retroactively, and it attempted to do so through a series vice raids.

            The raids, which took place in February and June of 1997, focused on the private viewing booths where patrons could watch movies, a practice that Brick law enforcement authorities claimed involved men having sex with men.  The raids were conducted by the Brick Police department’s Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU), which also dealt with vice crimes, and on its first excursion invaded the Pleasure Zone, arresting store worker, Jeffrey Walpole, and then two hours later hit another sex oriented shop on Route 88, taking into custody Alex Molochko.  Both Nicholas Kozloff, owner of the Route 88 store, and Shay Varone, later turned themselves in.[58]  The four men were all charged with maintaining a public nuisance under a recent law that held the operators and owners responsible for any sexual activity that took place on their premises that was fostered by private viewing booths.  The authorities asserted that sex between patrons was accomplished in what was called a “buddy booth,”[59] (a stall constructed with a curtain sandwiched between the glass of a common wall), or through what was known as a “glory hole,”[60] which had a small access way that allowed one to put his penis through to another booth where a patron waiting on the other side could entertain their needs.  The owners of both establishments were told that they could resume business if they closed down the booths.

Several months later authorities again raided the Pleasure Zone, and again arrested both Walpole and Varone.  The DEU acted on what it said were complaints about the use of the private viewing booths, although they did not explain who made the complaints or how those who made them came to know that the booths were in use.

Ocean Township

            In 1995, Shay Varone attempted to expand his adult video store empire when he tried to open a new business in Waretown called the U.S. Video Boutique.[61]  The story in Ocean Township was basically the same as everywhere else: Varone rented a store front, and the township reacted by issuing a stop-work order, claiming that they did not know the nature of his business, and that such a business would violate its ban of the sale of sexually explicit goods within 1000 feet of churches, schools, and residential neighborhoods.[62]  The difference this time, of course, was that Varone had come armed with the law on his side having won his case against Brick Township two years earlier.

            Ocean Township officials decided early on to try to get a jump on Varone by taking him to court first, hoping that a court order shutting him down would stave off any potential lawsuits, which it did by granting the stop work order.[63]  The township also employed political tactics with the help of the American Family Association to put pressure on Varone.  The building in which the store would be housed was owned by the First Fidelity Bank, which threatened to evict Varone after Ocean Township officials issued a summons to the bank because Varone did not have proper permits to open his business.[64]  In the meantime, Ocean Township mayor, David Ekelmann, began an anti-porn store campaign with the help of the AFA, which staged a protest that included residents of the town, representatives from the religious community, and members of a group calling themselves “Communities Against Pornography.”  There were also children at the protest, one twelve year old of which was quoted as saying, “A lot of kids…are going to be scared to walk the streets.”[65]  Such fear tactics employed by the protestors showed the depths that they were willing go to in order to stop the video store from opening up, their passion so strong that they were willing to scare their own children with a misrepresentation of facts out of fear that they might be exposed to the sexual side of human existence.

            The case against the U.S. Video Boutique came before Judge William Huber, who had ruled before in favor of Shay Varone in the Brick Township case, a fact that gave the defendant reason to believe that the law was on his side.  Judge Huber, however, was not in such a hurry to simply repeat his decision without hearing both sides and studying the all of the facts.

Huber chose to focus on the validity of the township’s ordinance, wanting to know whether it was “so restrictive as to effectively ban such businesses”[66] from setting up anywhere in the township.  If that were the case, then it was likely that the ordinance would prove faulty in its scope, but the township believed that it had “met the burden,”  contending that there were several alternative locations that the video store could conduct business.[67]  Varone agreed that there were other areas where he could operate his business from without violating the ordinance, but argued that they were not located where businesses could legally operate.[68] 

The stop work order stood until Huber’s final decision a month later, when he ruled in favor of the township,[69] believing that the ordinance was valid, and that there were other locations where Varone could operate his adult-oriented business without violating the law.  Although it was a rare occurrence, the ruling was a major blow to Varone’s plan to expand his adult video empire deeper into Ocean County.  He did not attempt to relocate the U.S. Adult Boutique, opting instead to branch out elsewhere.  If Varone had been successful, there would have been an adult-oriented business about every ten miles beginning with the Pleasure Zone in Brick Township, and ending with Fantasy World in Stafford.  But for all the effort of the shore towns to stop the spread of such businesses, nothing that they had tried seemed to work, excepting the fights in Berkeley and Ocean Townships.

Endnotes

[1] Carolyn Roche, “No License Approved for Store,” Ocean County Observer, February 18, 1992, p. 1.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] ________, American Family Association, (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Family_Association),

  June 3, 2010.

[7] _______, “Defining the Gay Agenda,” (http://www.afa.net/FAQ.aspx?id=2147483680), accessed June 4, 2010.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ibid.

[10] Patrick Doyle, Scout’s Honor, (Rocklin, CA: Rocklin Publishing, 1994), pp. 184.

[11] Benedict Carey and Julian Sher, “Debate on Child Pornography’s Link to Molesting,” New York Times online,

  (http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/19/us/19sex.html?_r=1), July 19, 2007.

[12] ________, “Glory Holes (sexual slang),” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glory_hole_%28sexual_slang%29),

    June 11, 2010.

[13] Kurt Freund and R. Watson, “The Proportions of Heterosexual and Homosexual Pedophiles Among Sex

    Offenders Against Children: An Exploratory Study,” The Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, (Spring 1992):

    34-43.

[14] Richard Peterson, “Adult Store Stays Open,” Ocean County Observer, February 20, 1992, p. 1.

[15] Ibid.

[16] Steve Berlin, “South Toms River Fight Heats Up,” Ocean County Observer, March 29, 1992. p. 1.

[17] Ibid.

[18] Andrew Klappholz, “Woman Charged in Adult Video Store Theft,” Ocean County Observer, October 23, 1998,

   p. 3.

[19] Carol Gorga Williams, “TR Woman Indicted in Robbery of Adult Video Store,” Ocean County Observer,

    April 8, 1999, p. 6.

[20] Steve Berlin, “Berkeley Protesters Picket Against Pornography,” Ocean County Observer, April 5, 1992, p. 1.

[21] Ibid.

[22] Ibid.

[23] Staff Report, “Owners Sue to OK Adult video Store,” Ocean County Observer, April 10, 1992, p. 1.

[24] Ibid.

[25] Ibid.

[26] Susan Decker, “Jude Delays Ruling On Adult Video Store Work,” Ocean County Observer, April 12, 1992, p. 3.

[27] Ibid.

[28] The distance between the proposed store’s location and both the church and school were calculated by this author.

[29] James W. Prado and Michelle Sahn, “Laws Leave Offenders Fewer Places to Live,” (http://thnt.gns.

    gannettonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/B3/20060305/SPECIAL07/101120004).

[30] Susan Decker, “Jude Delays Ruling On Adult Video Store Work,” Ocean County Observer, April 12, 1992, p. 3.

[31] Ibid.

[32] Ibid.

[33] Ibid.

[34] Steve Berlin, “’Pornography Stops Here,’” Ocean County Observer, April 14, 1992, p. 1.

[35] Ibid.

[36] Ibid.

[37] Steve Berlin, “Judge Sends Porno Controversy Back To Board,” Ocean County Observer, June 3, 1992, p. 3.

[38] Ibid.

[39] Ibid.

[40] Steve Berlin, Berkeley Zoners Reject Request to Overule Official on Porn Shop,” Ocean County Observer, July 9,

    1992, p. 1.

[41] Ibid.

[42] Steve Berlin, “Berkeley Residents Organize Quiet Protest of Adult Bookstore in Town,” Ocean County Observer,

    July 10, 1992, p. 1.

[43] Steve Berlin, “Berkeley Mayor Seeks Allies in Fight Against Porn Shops,” Ocean County Observer, p. 1.

[44] Steve Berlin, “’Porn’ Battle Grows,” Ocean County Observer, June 7, 1992, p. 1.

[45] Steve Berlin, “Adult Bookstore Plans Scrapped in Settlement,” Ocean County Observer, December 2, 1992, p. 3.

[46] Gina Bothner, “Embattled Video Shop Closes Up,” Ocean County Observer, November 16, 1997, p. 1.

[47] Alan Wheeler, “Brick Adult Video Shop Wins Free Speech Battle,” Ocean County Observer, June 18, 1993, p. 1.

[48] Ibid.

[49] Steve Berlin, “Brick Sex Shop Case Is Delayed,” Ocean County Observer, February 9, 1993, p. 1.

[50] Ibid.

[51] Ibid.

[52] Michelle Pucci, “Brick Court Gets Anti-Porn Ruling,” Ocean County Observer, January 17, 1993, p. 3.

[53] Joanne Skrable, “Adult Store Owner Enters Guilty Plea,” Ocean County Observer, February 23, 1993, p. 1.

[54] Alan Wheeler, “Brick Adult Video Shop Wins Free Speech Battle,” Ocean County Observer, June 18, 1993, p. 1.

[55] Joanne Skrable, “Adult Store Owner Enters Guilty Plea,” Ocean County Observer, February 23, 1993, p. 1.

[56] Alan Wheeler, “Solving A Crisis,” Asbury Park Press, October 9, 1994, p. 1.

[57] Alan Wheeler, “New K School Opens On Time,” Asbury Park Press, September 6, 1996, p. 1.

[58] Alan Wheeler, “Police Raids Hit Brick Sex Shops,” Asbury Park Press, February 23, 1997, p. 1.

[59] Ibid.

[60] Ibid.

[61] Matt Kalafat, “Waretown Targets Sex Shop,” Ocean County Observer, July 2, 1995, p. 1.

[62] Matt Kalafat, “Waretown Cites Porn Shop Owner,” Ocean County Observer, June 29, 1995, p. 4.

[63] Matt Kalafat, “Waretown Targets Sex Shop,” Ocean County Observer, July 2, 1995, p. 1.

[64] Matt Sheehan, “Adult Video Store Foes Rally,” Ocean County Observer, July 27, 1995, p. 11.

[65] Ibid.

[66] Andrew J. Stewart, “Judge Continues Ban on Adult Shop,” Ocean County Observer, August 2, 1995, p. B3.

[67] Ibid.

[68] Ibid.

[69] Alan Wheeler, “Police Raids Hit Brick Sex Shops,” Ocean County Observer, February 23, 1997, p. 1.

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